Research:

Please review the following links for six rigorous scientific studies that provide solid evidence of the effectiveness and power of NF for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD):

Arns, M., de Ridder, S., Strehl, U., Breteler, M., & Coenen, A. (2009). Efficacy of neurofeedback treatment in ADHD: The effects on inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity: A meta-analysis. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 40(3), 180-189.  doi:10.1177/155005940904000311   http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/155005940904000311

Coben, R., Wright, E. K., Decker, S. L., & Morgan, T. (2015). The impact of coherence neurofeedback on reading delays in learning disabled children: A Randomized controlled study. NeuroRegulation, 2(4), 168-178. doi:10.15540/nr.2.4.168 www.neuroregulation.org/article/view/15893

Micoulaud-Franchi, J-A., Geoffroy, P. A., Fond, G., Lopez, R., Bioulac, S., Philip, P. (2014). EEG neurofeedback treatments in children with ADHD: An update meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8(906), 1-7.  doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00906   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4230047/

Steiner, N. J., Frenette, E. C., Rene K. M., Brennan, R. T., & Perrin, E. C. (2014). In-school neurofeedback training for ADHD: Sustained improvements from a randomized control trial. Pediatrics, 133(3), 483-492. doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-2059.  http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/133/3/483

Wigton, N. L., & Krigbaum, G. (2015). Attention, executive function, behavior, and electrocortical function, significantly improved with 19-channel z-score neurofeedback in a clinical setting: A pilot study. Journal of Attention Disorders, [e-pub ahead of print].  doi:10.1177/1087054715577135  http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1087054715577135

White Paper, International Society of Neurofeedback and Research, 4/17/2013;  The Evidence-Base for Neurofeedback as a Reimbursable Healthcare Service to Treat Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder by H. Edmund Pigott, Ph.D., Lindsay De Biase, Ph.D., Eugenia Bodenhamer-Davis, Ph.D. & Richard E. Davis, M.S.  link to paper

Video:

To learn more about Neurofeedback, visit the Overview of Neurofeedback page (on the ISNR website) where you will find a short video, an introduction to the equipment and process, and definitions of Neurofeedback and Biofeedack.

Books:

A Symphony in the Brain by J. Robbins (2000): For a general overview on the history and promise of neurofeedback; EEG Biofeedback friendly.

Parenting Children with ADHD: 10 Lessons That Medicine Cannot Teach by Vincent J. Monastra (2005), PhD: Shows parents how to build a successful parenting program at home; EEG Biofeedback friendly.

The Family ADHD Solution: A Scientific Approach to Maximizing Your Child’s Attention and Minimizing Parental Stress by Mark Bertin (2011), MD; Provides explanations, behavioral solutions, mindfulness stress reduction and strategies for healthy relationships; not EEG Biofeedback friendly.

Teenagers with ADD and ADHD, A Guide for Parents and Professionals by Chris A. Zeigler Dendy (2006): Information for parents on teens with ADHD; EEG Biofeedback neutral.

Organizations:

www.chadd.org Children and Adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CH.A.D.D.):  Nationally recognized authority on Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), non-profit organization providing education, advocacy, support, and  current research advances, medications and treatments affecting individuals with ADHD; not EEG biofeedback friendly

www.isnr.org The International Society for Neurofeedback and Research (ISNR), membership organization promoting neurofeedback, posts all of the relevant research sorted according to diagnosis, promotes the self-regulation of brain activity for healthier functioning.

www.aapb.org Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback (AAPB), membership organization for using biofeedback and neurofeedback.

www.bcia.org Biofeedback Certification International Alliance, international standard in biofeedback certification, neurofeedback certification, and pelvic muscle dysfunction biofeedback certification.

Parental Tips:

  • Be focused and consistent with clear goals for your child or yourself.
  • Relationships are key to your child’s behavior and compliance.
  • Spend some “special time” with your child each day, even if only for 10-15 minutes.
  • Be a good listener before you tell him or her what to think.
  • Be clear about expectations with rules or values posted in a convenient space.
  • Notice good behavior ten times more that the behaviors that you do not like.
  • Do what you say and say what you mean. Keep promises to children.
  • Expect compliance the first time and be ready to back up your words.
  • Use discipline to teach a child, not to punish or get even for bad behavior. Stay in control or take time out before you discipline.
  • Have swift and clear consequences for broken rules enforced in a neutral tone of voice and appropriate body language.
  • Give the child choices rather that dictating what they are going to eat, do or wear.
  • Support each other as parents and take time for yourself.
  • Get rid of parental guilt or embarrassment by accepting feelings of resentment or situations of public outbursts as to be expected in the moment of turmoil.

Lifestyle Changes:

  • To ensure screen time quality use parental controls to block or filter internet content.
  • Preview programs, games and apps before allowing your child to view or play with them.
  • Seek out interactive options that engage your child.
  • Have your child close by during screen time so that you can supervise his or her activities.
  • Check regularly what programs, games and apps he or she has played with during the day.
  • Play a video game or explore a new app with your child.
  • Discuss what you’re watching and educate him or her about advertising and commercials.
  • Talk to your child about possible situations without you and the behavior that you expect.
  • Set aside tech-free zones such as mealtime and one night a week.
  • Require the phone to be returned to the charger nightly outside of the bedroom
  • Set limits for screen time that does not exclude unplugged, unstructured playtime.
  • Plan outdoor time with nature, not only is exercise good for kids’ bodies, but it seems to make them more focused, which is especially beneficial for kids with ADHD.
  • Unstructured outdoor time builds confidence, promotes imagination, teaches responsibility, encourages thinking/problem solving and reduces stress/fatigue.
  • Exercise daily, keep to a schedule and eat foods that avoid caffeine and artificial ingredients.
  • Go to sleep at the same time every day daily and weekends. Sleep with a weighted blanket which applies deep pressure to the body and a sense of calmness to the mind.

Educational Strategies:

Students of all ages with ADHD may qualify for extra support to help with issues such as organizational skills, incomplete work, or forgetting to turn in work.  Check out two federal civil rights laws: Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 or through an Individualized Education Program (IEP) as part of the Individuals with Disability Education Act (IDEA).

Work Accommodations:

Individuals with ADHD are recognized by the US government and are covered under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).  (For a definition of disability, see ADHD Job Rights and Accommodations under ADA).

  • Kubik, A., Kuik, P., Stanios, M., Kraj, B., Clinical and neurophysiological data of neurofeedback therapy in children with ADHD. Przegl Lek. 2016;73(3):148–51.
  • Nicholson, A. A., Ros, T., Frewen, P. A. et al., Alpha oscillation neurofeedback modulates amygdala complex connectivity and arousal in posttraumatic stress disorder. NeuroImage: Clinical. February 2016;(12):506–16.
  • Neurofeedback and Biofeedback for Mood and Anxiety Disorders: A Review of the Clinical Evidence and Guidelines—An Update. CADTH Rapid Response Reports. 26 Aug 2014
  • Coben, R., Wright, E. K., Decker, S. L., & Morgan, T. (2015). The impact of coherence neurofeedback on reading delays in learning disabled children: A Randomized controlled study. NeuroRegulation, 2(4), 168-178. doi:10.15540/nr.2.4.168 https://www.neuroregulation.org/article/view/15893
  • Micoulaud-Franchi, J-A., Geoffroy, P. A., Fond, G., Lopez, R., Bioulac, S., Philip, P. (2014). EEG neurofeedback treatments in children with ADHD: An update meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8(906), 1-7.  doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00906  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4230047/

To learn more about Neurofeedback, visit the Overview of Neurofeedback page (on the ISNR website) where you will find a short video, an introduction to the equipment and process, and definitions of Neurofeedback and Biofeedack.

A Symphony in the Brain by J. Robbins (2000): For a general overview on the history and promise of Neurofeedback.

Parenting Children with ADHD: 10 Lessons That Medicine Cannot Teach by Vincent J. Monastra, PhD (2005): Shows parents how to build a successful parenting program at home for children with symptoms of ADHD, Neurofeedback friendly.

Getting Past Your Past: Take Control of your Life with Self-Help Techniques from EMDR Therapy by Francine Sharpino (2013): Dedicated to addressing trauma. EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) is a brain based psychotherapy that encourages people to heal from the symptoms and emotional distress that are the result of trauma or disturbing life experiences.

Growing Up Brave: Expert Strategies for Helping Your Child Overcome Fear, Stress, and Anxiety by Donna Pincus, PhD (2012); Helps parents to identify anxiety in their children who show signs of oversensitivity to everyday life events and encourages a warm, secure attachment using Parent Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) techniques. In addition, PCIT is listed as a play therapy option with disruptive/challenging children with behavioral issues.

Mindfulness Coach was created by the Veteran’s Administration National Center for symptoms of PTSD. Free 12 audio-guided mindfulness exercises including goal setting, tracking progress, customizing reminders and access to other support resources. https://www.appsapkmarket.com       https://www.myvaapps.com/mindfulness

Insight Timer, available for iOS and Android, free with in-app purchases ($5 per course) on topics of stress, relationships, motivation and more, also can tune into hundreds of free talks and podcasts for life advice, inspiration and music tracks to soothe your mind or help with sleep.  https://insighttimer.com

This Way Up provides free online courses using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) to learn how to reduce stress such as life demands, improve your support system and resources to cope. Since stress is a behavioral and emotional learned response to feeling overloaded tense and worked up, it can also be unlearned. https://thiswayup.org.au/

Mini Podcasts Meditation Oasis is a free app with music, without music or music only. The podcasts dwell into broader topics of mindfulness with interviews on “gratefulness” and more or practical guided meditations.  https://www.meditationoasis.com/podcast

Headspace available on iOS and Android for free with the Basics pack or, for more, a $12.99 per monthly subscription. The free version of the app focuses on the basics of “secular” meditation and mindfulness through 10 free sessions. Headspace is essentially separated into two forms with its subscription service. It is mainly an online platform, which provides sessions of guided meditation to its registered/subscribed users with the goal of mindfulness.  www.headspace.com

These apps were chosen because they were free and easily available.

What is neurofeedback?  Neurofeedback is exercise for the brain!  It teaches the brain to self-regulate, maintain flexibility, and smoothly shift between states of relaxation and alertness. 

The brain produces and distributes electrical energy in various frequency bands referred to as delta, theta, alpha, and beta.  These frequency bands influence which parts of the brain are active and what is our present state of mind. 

The brain wants to run like a smooth machine and is always ready to be challenged. By using computers to make information available or to give cues to the brain it can reshape how it functions, regulates, and becomes more alert and attentive. Gradually, the brain learns, just like it learns anything else. And like with other learning, the brain tends to retain the new skill.

What does neurofeedback look like? Sensors are placed on the scalp using a cloth cap much like a swim cap. A computer interfaces with the wires to the cap to record the “ebb and flow” of your brain waves and is played back in a video game or DVD. You are instructed how to play the game or movie using only your brain waves, no mouse.

What is neurofeedback used for? Natural brain training is the future of emotional wellness. What if you could train your brain to be healthier through a video game or learning a deep state of meditation?  Brain training called neurofeedback allows individuals of all ages to change the way their brains self-regulate by responding to personalized feedback from a brain map and using z-scores for a baseline measure.

Neurofeedback addresses problems of brain dysregulation including the anxiety-depression spectrum, attention deficits, behavior disorders, various sleep disorders, headaches and migraines, PMS and emotional disturbances.

Neurofeedback may be used for a variety of disorders, however, neurofeedback is evidence based for ADD/ADHD. See www.medicalnewstoday.com/printerfriendlynews.php?newsid=157843

Who can provide Neurofeedback training?  Neuorfeedback should be provided by a mental health professional who has been Board Certified in Neurofeedback (BCN) by the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance (see www.bcia.org). Providers at Old Market Neurotherapy are Board Certified in neurofeedback.

What research has been done on Neurofeedback? See www.bcia.org. The ISNR Comprehensive Bibliography of Neurofeedback Research  www.isnr.org

What can I expect during a neurotherapy session? Each session is approximately 45-60 minutes with a combination of psychotherapy techniques including brain based options of Neurofeedback, Biofeedback and Eye Movement Desensitization & Reprocessing (EMDR).  Since each client is different, the therapy provided will depend upon the unique needs of the client.  Counseling or “talk therapy” is always a large part of the therapy session along with other therapeutic approaches.

How do I get started? Call 641-777-2773 or send us an email: joyce@oldmarketneurotherapy.com.  Join us for a complementary “Meet & Greet”. Appointments scheduled at your convenience, Tuesday thru Friday, 10 am to 5 pm. Saturdays by appointment only.

Will insurance cover Neurofeedback? Most insurances will cover pychotherapy or talk therapy. Typically neurofeedback is paid privately depending upon the concerns addressed. Old Market Neurotherapy  will provide billing codes and will contact your insurance company for you.

How long does training take and how frequent should the training sessions be? The sessions should be regular and frequent, at least one or more sessions per week.  Neurofeedback is a learning process, and therefore results are seen gradually over time.  The average number of training sessions is 40 sessions more or less.  EEG training is much like exercise for your muscles. The more often you exercise your muscles in the gym the quicker the results, and it is the same for the brain.  Initial progress can be seen within about twenty sessions but each brain is individual and results gained will be individualized.

What happens if the client is on medications? Clients may start neurofeedback while prescribed medications but the client is requested to communicate with their medication providers about participating in neurofeedback and the goals of neurofeedback. With successful neurofeedback training, medications to manage brain functions may not be needed or may be needed at a lower dosage.

  • Kubik, A., Kuik, P., Stanios, M., Kraj, B., Clinical and neurophysiological data of neurofeedback therapy in children with ADHD. Przegl Lek. 2016;73(3):148–51.
  • Nicholson, A. A., Ros, T., Frewen, P. A. et al., Alpha oscillation neurofeedback modulates amygdala complex connectivity and arousal in posttraumatic stress disorder. NeuroImage: Clinical. February 2016;(12):506–16.
  • Neurofeedback and Biofeedback for Mood and Anxiety Disorders: A Review of the Clinical Evidence and Guidelines—An Update. CADTH Rapid Response Reports. 26 Aug 2014
  • Coben, R., Wright, E. K., Decker, S. L., & Morgan, T. (2015). The impact of coherence neurofeedback on reading delays in learning disabled children: A Randomized controlled study. NeuroRegulation, 2(4), 168-178. doi:10.15540/nr.2.4.168 https://www.neuroregulation.org/article/view/15893
  • Micoulaud-Franchi, J-A., Geoffroy, P. A., Fond, G., Lopez, R., Bioulac, S., Philip, P. (2014). EEG neurofeedback treatments in children with ADHD: An update meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8(906), 1-7.  doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00906  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4230047/

BIOFEEDBACK

What is biofeedback? youtube.com  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Sin4QR4cwo

EMDR

Your Best Brain, Your Best Options https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YgO43kJKG18

HAND MODEL OF THE BRAIN by Dr. Daniel Siegel

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gm9CIJ74Oxw

HEARTMATH

Your heart communicates with your brain affecting every emotion and thought.

www.hearthmath.com>blog>new-guided-heart-meditations

MINDSETS

Fixed or Growth Mindset? Which one are you?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KUWn_TJTrnU

NEUROFEEDBACK

What is neurofeedback? Youtube.com https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HxHR7InSQ1c

To learn more about Neurofeedback, visit the Overview of Neurofeedback page (on the ISNR website) where you will find a short video, an introduction to the equipment and process, and definitions of Neurofeedback and Biofeedack.

 PARENT CHILD INTERACTION THERAPY PCIT

“Live coaching” play therapy for young children with behavioral problems.  http://www.pcit.org/what-is-pcit.html

A Symphony in the Brain by J. Robbins (2000): For a general overview on the history and promise of Neurofeedback.

Parenting Children with ADHD: 10 Lessons That Medicine Cannot Teach by Vincent J. Monastra, PhD (2005): Shows parents how to build a successful parenting program at home for children with symptoms of ADHD, Neurofeedback friendly.

Getting Past Your Past: Take Control of your Life with Self-Help Techniques from EMDR Therapy by Francine Sharpino (2013): Dedicated to addressing trauma. EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) is a brain based psychotherapy that encourages people to heal from the symptoms and emotional distress that are the result of trauma or disturbing life experiences.

Growing Up Brave: Expert Strategies for Helping Your Child Overcome Fear, Stress, and Anxiety by Donna Pincus, PhD (2012); Helps parents to identify anxiety in their children who show signs of oversensitivity to everyday life events and encourages a warm, secure attachment using Parent Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) techniques. In addition, PCIT is listed as a play therapy option with disruptive/challenging children with behavioral issues.

Mindfulness Coach was created by the Veteran’s Administration National Center for symptoms of PTSD. Free 12 audio-guided mindfulness exercises including goal setting, tracking progress, customizing reminders and access to other support resources. https://www.appsapkmarket.com       https://www.myvaapps.com/mindfulness

Insight Timer, available for iOS and Android, free with in-app purchases ($5 per course) on topics of stress, relationships, motivation and more, also can tune into hundreds of free talks and podcasts for life advice, inspiration and music tracks to soothe your mind or help with sleep.  https://insighttimer.com

This Way Up provides free online courses using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) to learn how to reduce stress such as life demands, improve your support system and resources to cope. Since stress is a behavioral and emotional learned response to feeling overloaded tense and worked up, it can also be unlearned. https://thiswayup.org.au/

Mini Podcasts Meditation Oasis is a free app with music, without music or music only. The podcasts dwell into broader topics of mindfulness with interviews on “gratefulness” and more or practical guided meditations.  https://www.meditationoasis.com/podcast

Headspace available on iOS and Android for free with the Basics pack or, for more, a $12.99 per monthly subscription. The free version of the app focuses on the basics of “secular” meditation and mindfulness through 10 free sessions. Headspace is essentially separated into two forms with its subscription service. It is mainly an online platform, which provides sessions of guided meditation to its registered/subscribed users with the goal of mindfulness.  www.headspace.com

These apps were chosen because they were free and easily available.

What is neurofeedback?  Neurofeedback is exercise for the brain!  It teaches the brain to self-regulate, maintain flexibility, and smoothly shift between states of relaxation and alertness. 

The brain produces and distributes electrical energy in various frequency bands referred to as delta, theta, alpha, and beta.  These frequency bands influence which parts of the brain are active and what is our present state of mind. 

The brain wants to run like a smooth machine and is always ready to be challenged. By using computers to make information available or to give cues to the brain it can reshape how it functions, regulates, and becomes more alert and attentive. Gradually, the brain learns, just like it learns anything else. And like with other learning, the brain tends to retain the new skill.

What does neurofeedback look like? Sensors are placed on the scalp using a cloth cap much like a swim cap. A computer interfaces with the wires to the cap to record the “ebb and flow” of your brain waves and is played back in a video game or DVD. You are instructed how to play the game or movie using only your brain waves, no mouse.

What is neurofeedback used for? Natural brain training is the future of emotional wellness. What if you could train your brain to be healthier through a video game or learning a deep state of meditation?  Brain training called neurofeedback allows individuals of all ages to change the way their brains self-regulate by responding to personalized feedback from a brain map and using z-scores for a baseline measure.

Neurofeedback addresses problems of brain dysregulation including the anxiety-depression spectrum, attention deficits, behavior disorders, various sleep disorders, headaches and migraines, PMS and emotional disturbances.

Neurofeedback may be used for a variety of disorders, however, neurofeedback is evidence based for ADD/ADHD. See www.medicalnewstoday.com/printerfriendlynews.php?newsid=157843

Who can provide Neurofeedback training?  Neuorfeedback should be provided by a mental health professional who has been Board Certified in Neurofeedback (BCN) by the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance (see www.bcia.org). Providers at Old Market Neurotherapy are Board Certified in neurofeedback.

What research has been done on Neurofeedback? See www.bcia.org. The ISNR Comprehensive Bibliography of Neurofeedback Research  www.isnr.org

What can I expect during a neurotherapy session? Each session is approximately 45-60 minutes with a combination of psychotherapy techniques including brain based options of Neurofeedback, Biofeedback and Eye Movement Desensitization & Reprocessing (EMDR).  Since each client is different, the therapy provided will depend upon the unique needs of the client.  Counseling or “talk therapy” is always a large part of the therapy session along with other therapeutic approaches.

How do I get started? Call 641-777-2773 or send us an email: joyce@oldmarketneurotherapy.com.  Join us for a complementary “Meet & Greet”. Appointments scheduled at your convenience, Tuesday thru Friday, 10 am to 5 pm. Saturdays by appointment only.

Will insurance cover Neurofeedback? Most insurances will cover pychotherapy or talk therapy. Typically neurofeedback is paid privately depending upon the concerns addressed. Old Market Neurotherapy  will provide billing codes and will contact your insurance company for you.

How long does training take and how frequent should the training sessions be? The sessions should be regular and frequent, at least one or more sessions per week.  Neurofeedback is a learning process, and therefore results are seen gradually over time.  The average number of training sessions is 40 sessions more or less.  EEG training is much like exercise for your muscles. The more often you exercise your muscles in the gym the quicker the results, and it is the same for the brain.  Initial progress can be seen within about twenty sessions but each brain is individual and results gained will be individualized.

What happens if the client is on medications? Clients may start neurofeedback while prescribed medications but the client is requested to communicate with their medication providers about participating in neurofeedback and the goals of neurofeedback. With successful neurofeedback training, medications to manage brain functions may not be needed or may be needed at a lower dosage.

  • Kubik, A., Kuik, P., Stanios, M., Kraj, B., Clinical and neurophysiological data of neurofeedback therapy in children with ADHD. Przegl Lek. 2016;73(3):148–51.
  • Nicholson, A. A., Ros, T., Frewen, P. A. et al., Alpha oscillation neurofeedback modulates amygdala complex connectivity and arousal in posttraumatic stress disorder. NeuroImage: Clinical. February 2016;(12):506–16.
  • Neurofeedback and Biofeedback for Mood and Anxiety Disorders: A Review of the Clinical Evidence and Guidelines—An Update. CADTH Rapid Response Reports. 26 Aug 2014
  • Coben, R., Wright, E. K., Decker, S. L., & Morgan, T. (2015). The impact of coherence neurofeedback on reading delays in learning disabled children: A Randomized controlled study. NeuroRegulation, 2(4), 168-178. doi:10.15540/nr.2.4.168 https://www.neuroregulation.org/article/view/15893
  • Micoulaud-Franchi, J-A., Geoffroy, P. A., Fond, G., Lopez, R., Bioulac, S., Philip, P. (2014). EEG neurofeedback treatments in children with ADHD: An update meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8(906), 1-7.  doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00906  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4230047/

BIOFEEDBACK

What is biofeedback? youtube.com  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Sin4QR4cwo

EMDR

Your Best Brain, Your Best Options https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YgO43kJKG18

HAND MODEL OF THE BRAIN by Dr. Daniel Siegel

HEARTMATH

Your heart communicates with your brain affecting every emotion and thought.

www.hearthmath.com>blog>new-guided-heart-meditations

MINDSETS

Fixed or Growth Mindset? Which one are you?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KUWn_TJTrnU

NEUROFEEDBACK

What is neurofeedback? Youtube.com https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HxHR7InSQ1c

To learn more about Neurofeedback, visit the Overview of Neurofeedback page (on the ISNR website) where you will find a short video, an introduction to the equipment and process, and definitions of Neurofeedback and Biofeedack.

 PARENT CHILD INTERACTION THERAPY PCIT

“Live coaching” play therapy for young children with behavioral problems.  http://www.pcit.org/what-is-pcit.html

A Symphony in the Brain by J. Robbins (2000): For a general overview on the history and promise of Neurofeedback.

Parenting Children with ADHD: 10 Lessons That Medicine Cannot Teach by Vincent J. Monastra, PhD (2005): Shows parents how to build a successful parenting program at home for children with symptoms of ADHD, Neurofeedback friendly.

Getting Past Your Past: Take Control of your Life with Self-Help Techniques from EMDR Therapy by Francine Sharpino (2013): Dedicated to addressing trauma. EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) is a brain based psychotherapy that encourages people to heal from the symptoms and emotional distress that are the result of trauma or disturbing life experiences.

Growing Up Brave: Expert Strategies for Helping Your Child Overcome Fear, Stress, and Anxiety by Donna Pincus, PhD (2012); Helps parents to identify anxiety in their children who show signs of oversensitivity to everyday life events and encourages a warm, secure attachment using Parent Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) techniques. In addition, PCIT is listed as a play therapy option with disruptive/challenging children with behavioral issues.

Mindfulness Coach was created by the Veteran’s Administration National Center for symptoms of PTSD. Free 12 audio-guided mindfulness exercises including goal setting, tracking progress, customizing reminders and access to other support resources. https://www.appsapkmarket.com       https://www.myvaapps.com/mindfulness

Insight Timer, available for iOS and Android, free with in-app purchases ($5 per course) on topics of stress, relationships, motivation and more, also can tune into hundreds of free talks and podcasts for life advice, inspiration and music tracks to soothe your mind or help with sleep.  https://insighttimer.com

This Way Up provides free online courses using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) to learn how to reduce stress such as life demands, improve your support system and resources to cope. Since stress is a behavioral and emotional learned response to feeling overloaded tense and worked up, it can also be unlearned. https://thiswayup.org.au/

Mini Podcasts Meditation Oasis is a free app with music, without music or music only. The podcasts dwell into broader topics of mindfulness with interviews on “gratefulness” and more or practical guided meditations.  https://www.meditationoasis.com/podcast

Headspace available on iOS and Android for free with the Basics pack or, for more, a $12.99 per monthly subscription. The free version of the app focuses on the basics of “secular” meditation and mindfulness through 10 free sessions. Headspace is essentially separated into two forms with its subscription service. It is mainly an online platform, which provides sessions of guided meditation to its registered/subscribed users with the goal of mindfulness.  www.headspace.com

These apps were chosen because they were free and easily available.

What is neurofeedback?  Neurofeedback is exercise for the brain!  It teaches the brain to self-regulate, maintain flexibility, and smoothly shift between states of relaxation and alertness. 

The brain produces and distributes electrical energy in various frequency bands referred to as delta, theta, alpha, and beta.  These frequency bands influence which parts of the brain are active and what is our present state of mind. 

The brain wants to run like a smooth machine and is always ready to be challenged. By using computers to make information available or to give cues to the brain it can reshape how it functions, regulates, and becomes more alert and attentive. Gradually, the brain learns, just like it learns anything else. And like with other learning, the brain tends to retain the new skill.

What does neurofeedback look like? Sensors are placed on the scalp using a cloth cap much like a swim cap. A computer interfaces with the wires to the cap to record the “ebb and flow” of your brain waves and is played back in a video game or DVD. You are instructed how to play the game or movie using only your brain waves, no mouse.

What is neurofeedback used for? Natural brain training is the future of emotional wellness. What if you could train your brain to be healthier through a video game or learning a deep state of meditation?  Brain training called neurofeedback allows individuals of all ages to change the way their brains self-regulate by responding to personalized feedback from a brain map and using z-scores for a baseline measure.

Neurofeedback addresses problems of brain dysregulation including the anxiety-depression spectrum, attention deficits, behavior disorders, various sleep disorders, headaches and migraines, PMS and emotional disturbances.

Neurofeedback may be used for a variety of disorders, however, neurofeedback is evidence based for ADD/ADHD. See www.medicalnewstoday.com/printerfriendlynews.php?newsid=157843

Who can provide Neurofeedback training?  Neuorfeedback should be provided by a mental health professional who has been Board Certified in Neurofeedback (BCN) by the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance (see www.bcia.org). Providers at Old Market Neurotherapy are Board Certified in neurofeedback.

What research has been done on Neurofeedback? See www.bcia.org. The ISNR Comprehensive Bibliography of Neurofeedback Research  www.isnr.org

What can I expect during a neurotherapy session? Each session is approximately 45-60 minutes with a combination of psychotherapy techniques including brain based options of Neurofeedback, Biofeedback and Eye Movement Desensitization & Reprocessing (EMDR).  Since each client is different, the therapy provided will depend upon the unique needs of the client.  Counseling or “talk therapy” is always a large part of the therapy session along with other therapeutic approaches.

How do I get started? Call 641-777-2773 or send us an email: joyce@oldmarketneurotherapy.com.  Join us for a complementary “Meet & Greet”. Appointments scheduled at your convenience, Tuesday thru Friday, 10 am to 5 pm. Saturdays by appointment only.

Will insurance cover Neurofeedback? Most insurances will cover pychotherapy or talk therapy. Typically neurofeedback is paid privately depending upon the concerns addressed. Old Market Neurotherapy  will provide billing codes and will contact your insurance company for you.

How long does training take and how frequent should the training sessions be? The sessions should be regular and frequent, at least one or more sessions per week.  Neurofeedback is a learning process, and therefore results are seen gradually over time.  The average number of training sessions is 40 sessions more or less.  EEG training is much like exercise for your muscles. The more often you exercise your muscles in the gym the quicker the results, and it is the same for the brain.  Initial progress can be seen within about twenty sessions but each brain is individual and results gained will be individualized.

What happens if the client is on medications? Clients may start neurofeedback while prescribed medications but the client is requested to communicate with their medication providers about participating in neurofeedback and the goals of neurofeedback. With successful neurofeedback training, medications to manage brain functions may not be needed or may be needed at a lower dosage.

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